What is PCOS?

Aug 24. 2023

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal/metabolic disorder that affects many individuals, causing a range of symptoms and potential complications. Seeking expert advice is crucial in effectively managing PCOS and its impact on overall health. Subscribe to the GluCare Chronicles newsletter and book an appointment by calling [Phone Number] for reliable information and expert consultations.

What is PCOS?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition mainly affecting women with reproductive, metabolic, and psychological consequences.

We can give a more detailed explanation in this part: The most common signs and symptoms of PCOS include:

  • Irregular periods: Abnormal menstruation involves missing periods or not having a period at all. It may also involve heavy bleeding during periods.
  • Abnormal hair growth: You may grow excess facial hair or experience heavy hair growth on your arms, chest, and abdomen (hirsutism). 
  • Acne: PCOS can cause acne, especially on your back, chest, and face. This acne may continue past your teenage years and may be difficult to treat.
  • Obesity: Between 40% and 80% of people with PCOS have obesity 
  • Darkening of the skin: You may get patches of dark skin, especially in the folds of your neck, armpits, groin (between the legs), and under your breasts. This is known as acanthosis nigricans.
  • Cysts: Many people with PCOS have ovaries that appear larger or with many follicles (egg sac cysts) on ultrasound.
  • Thinning hair: People with PCOS may lose patches of hair on their head or start to bald.
  • Infertility: Not ovulating regularly or frequently can result in not being able to conceive. 

It leads to cysts on the ovaries, irregular menstrual cycles, and an excess of androgens (male hormones) in the body. Common symptoms include irregular periods, weight gain, acne, and excessive hair growth. Research shows that PCOS affects approximately 15% of women (1).

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition affecting up to 13% of reproductive-aged women (1) According to statistics, it is even more common in the Gulf Region and  20-25% of women suffer from PCOS (2) 

Diagnosing PCOS

Accurate diagnosis of PCOS requires medical tests and evaluations. Healthcare professionals consider factors such as irregular menstrual cycles, hormone levels, and physical symptoms. Consulting with a healthcare professional is essential to determine if PCOS is the underlying cause of your symptoms. Early detection and diagnosis can lead to timely treatment and better long-term outcomes.

Treatment Options

Managing PCOS involves various treatment approaches tailored to individual needs. PCOS is associated with an increased risk of metabolic complications such as obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes (DM), dyslipidemia, and hypertension starting from a young age.  Lifestyle changes, including exercise and a healthy diet, play a crucial role in symptom management.  Treatment of metabolic risk factors is very important for long-term management.   Medications like birth control pills and anti-androgen drugs may be prescribed to regulate hormonal imbalances.

Actually, the management of PCOS is a teamwork that includes both endocrinologists and gynecologists.  This is especially important for patients who are of childbearing age. In GluCare, we have both specialties and we can mention this. In the same center, patients can do all tests and consultations.

Expert Consultations

Obtaining guidance from healthcare professionals who specialize in PCOS management, such as gynecologists and endocrinologists, is crucial to successfully managing this condition. These professionals are skilled in diagnosing PCOS, developing personalized treatment plans, and providing ongoing support throughout your PCOS journey.


Understanding PCOS is crucial for effectively managing its symptoms and potential complications. By seeking expert consultations and following personalized treatment plans, you can improve your overall well-being and quality of life. Book an appointment with GluCare specialists at 04-2201570 / 800GLUCARE or connect with us on WhatsApp, and subscribe to the GluCare Chronicles newsletter for valuable resources and support. 


  1. Ref: 1. Bozdag G, Mumusoglu S, Zengin D, Karabulut E, Yildiz BO. The prevalence and phenotypic features of polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hum Reprod. 2016;31(12):2841–2855. doi: 10.1093/humrep/dew218.
  2. 2. Dalibalta S, Abukhaled Y, Samara F. Factors influencing the prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in the United Arab Emirates. Rev Environ Health. 2022 May 11;37(3):311-319. doi: 10.1515/reveh-2021-0036. PMID: 35538690.

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